As a result, you would expect a film about the people who paint Vincent van Gogh replicas in the Dafen village – the world’s largest oil painting village – to fall somewhere between these narrative lines.

But, surprisingly, Haibo and Kiki’s debut documentary is not the usual depiction of hardship or even of the oddity of wanting to copy Western art. Instead, it tells the personal story of Zhao Xiaoyong, a self-made painter who found a way out of poverty through mastering a skill: Xiaoyong has painted which, over the last two decades, has seen a growing demand.

Dafen village was founded in 1988 by Hong Kong businessman Huang Jiang. To start with, there were only 20 painters. But, over time the village expanded. In 2015, it turned over 65 million dollar, with more than 10.000 painters currently working there, many of whom peasants-turned oil-painters, just like Zhao Xiaoyong.

Alongside members of his family, Xiaoyong owns a painting shop specialising in van Gogh. The shop is not a creative space, but a business. Many people are painting day and night to meet the deadlines, and the pressure and hard work do not seem any different to sewing jeans or checking ironing machines on a factory line.

However, working in Dafen differs from working in a factory. There is a contrast in people’s self-perception and the type of competition that exist between them. In Dafen, a new niche market means a change from painting naturalist replicas to impressionist ones. Everyone looks at what the others are doing and how far it gets them, just like in the art world.

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  1. […] I was very sorry that I couldn’t attend the entire festival, especially because Sibiu has a different vibe when it comes to long-term festivals. The program was quite good and as far as I heard, the Q&As were quite interesting. Also, this year a series of Romanian documentaries were launched, therefore presented at this festival. Some of my personal expectations were exceeded. Cosmin Bumbut and Elena Stanciu’s The Last Kalderash is an impressive story of a gypsy family who struggles to earn money because their main job – an old, popular craft, isn’t needed anymore. In international terms, I’ve cried at the documentary about the Chinese “artists” who paint in oil copies of the greatest and most famous works of art which are sold in especially in Europe at very high prices compared with the small profit these so-called artists are making. A complete review of the documentary China’s Van Goghs can be read here. […]


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