South Korean citizens made history when – armed with lighted candles and demands of justice – they brought down president Park Geun-hye and her conservative party in 2017. Director Nungcool and her crew documented the experience.
Nina Trige Andersen
Nina Trige Andersen is a historian and freelance journalist. She is a regular contributor to Modern Times Review.
Published date: November 18, 2018
Light a Candle, Write a History – Candlelight Revolution
Country: South Korea, 2018, 90min


Many were horrified when Park Geun-hye took office as South Korea’s president in 2013: How could the daughter of a dictator come to power in times of democracy? Her father, Park Chung-hee, had taken control of South Korea by military coup in 1961 and ruled with authoritarian measures until he was assassinated by his own chief of intelligence in 1979.

Besides martial law and ruthless suppression of political opposition, Park Chung-hee also brought rapid economic growth to a country still struggling to recover after the Korean War. Thus, many hoped his daughter, who at an early age had become First Lady under her father due to her mother’s premature death, could retool South Korea’s economy.

«The secondary school students were sacrificed for the ruthless political economy of a country where multimillionaires systematically evade justice.»

Instead she ended up at the centre of one of the biggest political and economic scandals in South Korean history and is currently serving a 24-year sentence in a Seoul Detention Centre for abuse of power, bribery, coercion and leaking of government secrets. Even though the scandals surrounding her presidency were unravelling already from the spring of 2014, it took another three years for the parliament to impeach Park Geun-hye and remove her from office. And it happened only because the citizens took to the streets in unprecedented numbers.

The final countdown

The new documentary Light a Candle, Write a History – Candlelight Revolution, which had its world premiere at the Busan International Film Festival in October, documents the mass protests that finally took down the president: 30,000 participated in the first so-called Candlelight Demonstration on October 29, 2016, and at the second demonstration ten times as many came. By the fourth Candlelight Demonstration almost two million people in Seoul alone went out into the freezing cold to demand that Park Geun-hye step down.

Flying above the crowds, the camera captures …


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