Many fled in order to survive, and the event is said to underlie the continuous tensions between present day Armenia and Azerbaijan. The genocide left a deciding mark on Armenian identity. Recognition of the prosecution as genocide is high on the country’s agenda and an increasing number of nations acknowledge this status, while it remains contested according to others. In the 1990s, the two Caucasian countries regularly ended up fighting and the tensions continue today. However, to what extent mutual geopolitical claims relate to the genocide of more than a century ago is unclear.
Regardless of the semantics, the question surfaces what it means for a nation and its people to be determined by such a devastating event. What does it mean to survive, to be a survivor, while others lost their lives? Pierre-Yves Vandeweerd contemplates this in his film The Eternals, which has its première at the Visions du Réel documentary film festival. He turns to Kharabagh, a region in both Armenia and Azerbaijan, to explore the status, or rather the being, of people referred to as ‘The Eternals’: survivors who enter into a state of timelessness.
The film is divided into three parts. The first tells the story of Joseph, said to be the man Jesus made eternal and living in Armenia and Karabakh. The second part is called Karabakh, which literally means ‘black garden’. It takes us into the devastated countryside. The third is named ‘Tsnorq’ (the melancholy of eternity), a state common to survivors of the Armenian genocide. The threads that make up the narrative of the films are intertwined throughout these three parts.
The film also contains three visual story lines. Soldiers train and prepare for combat in trenches. They illustrate the continuous struggle and hostilities. Old men, partly in camouflage outfits, represent survivors of combat – hence the eternals. And there are people running, young and old, chased by the camera. The eternal is symbolized by using circles as a leitmotiv: it returns in gestures and movements, sometimes performed apparently as a ritual, throughout the film.
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